Saturday, March 16, 2013

Who did what to whom?

Below is a tagline for an article which appeared in the NZ Herald on March 9 2013.

It relates to my project in that it is about the efforts of Mokomoko's whanau to get what they regard as proper restorative justice for their ancestor who was one of a number of people hanged for the killing of Carl Sylvius Volkner.

Mokomoko, a Te Whakatohea chief, was hanged at Auckland Prison on May 17, 1866 in what one could call the violent aftermath which followed Volkner's slaying.

The sad thing is Volkner, on his way to being killed, knew with a terrible foreboding that his death would lead to the most awful consequences.

Utu, so highly prized as a concept in the Maori world, is really not so different from plain old revenge.
Revenge works in many different ways in lots of cultures. (In fact I was interested to read in a blurb about the
soap television series called 'Revenge' an old saying: he would sets out to get revenge should first dig two graves.
ie those who set out to get revenge might as well set aside a grave for themselves, as that individual, or tribe, or society is enwebbed in a killing so bad that the whole enterprise is poisoned from the start.)

The article looks at the terrible consequences of utu which followed Volkner's killing - confiscation of
448,000 acres for a start. The Mokomoko family had a pardon granted in 1992 and in 1996 the Governor-General granted the pardon on the grounds that it was 'just and expedient'.

But no mention was made of Mokomoko not committing the crime. (He was alleged to have carried the rope with which Volkner was hanged and being present when he was hoisted up. The evidence is very contradictory on this, and the most plausible places him elsewhere.)

His whanau however have had to live with what they describe as a 'ripple effect' of 'extreme prejudice; resentment, anger, even hatred.' (The article is written by Yvonne Tahana.) This is because many people in Opotiki and elsewhere blame those who killed Volkner for the confiscation of their land and deep loss of mana.

It is an extremely complicated picture. For example one of Mokomoko's descendants says this: 'Mr Biddle says there isn't a question that the German missionary went bravely to his death. 'It was done by Kereopa. You always get a rebel and I can't tar (all Pai Marire followers) with the same brush (as Kereopa who was Pai Marire missionary.)'

This is difficult, as Kereopa Te Rau's whanau are equally insistent that he did not kill Volkner. (And there is very little evidence to show that Kereopa actually physically strung Volkner up and hanged him. Whether he influenced others to do so, is less easy to decide.)

So this article brings a key question to the fore: who did what to whom?

It is both an historical question - ie to do with what happened in the past - but it is also a contemporary question, in that its echoes still sound profoundly among different iwi.

Volkner was right: his killing unleashed the dogs of war. He had wanted to protect and nourish the members of his parish. When he was taken off the ship forcibly, he tried to shake hands with his Maori parishioners. Some stood by and wept. But nobody shook his hand.

The eyewitness accounts of what followed after this are many and contradictory, often based on iwi alliance or the degree to which an individual was implicated and wished to pass the burden of guilt on to others. In many ways it reminds me of 'Roshomon', a Kurosawa classic film from 1950.

The Roshomon effect is called 'the effect of the subjectivity of perception on recollection by observers of an event who are able to produce substantially different but equally plausible accounts of it. (Thanks Wikipedia.)

Who did what to whom?

It's still a vital contemporary question.



http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10870118


6 comments:

  1. House of Block in Dubai and a lot of louis vuitton replica added bakeries acquire accomplishment in authoritative cakes that go altogether with the affair of your party. These bakeries even advertise their block account online. Online bakeries yield adjustment forty eight hours above-mentioned to if needed, clashing affairs dresses online, that are accessible 24X7. Shifting abject from home to academy is to accord up aggregate old and accomplish amplitude for aggregate new. That agency your kid needs a accoutrement change to fit in to the academy environment. But aback adolescent adults acquire a altered attitude it is absolutely accessible that they would not so agog on traveling arcade with you. Hurtfully so, they ability accede your best 'a little old fashioned'. To abstain any affectionate of chanel replica amateurishness amid you and your kid, the safest addition is to buy dresses online. Some online arcade aliment even acquire online arcade coupons which in about-face get you adequate offers on every product. It is aforementioned with every online abode of block in Dubai, bakery in added words.The affair about online arcade is that, you get aggregate beneath one roof. Apparel, footwear, accessories, handbags, all of latest appearance and from acclaimed brands is accessible at an online store. You charge not acquire to even anguish about the actuality that branded artefact will be top priced. If you buy dresses online, you will appear to apperceive that all online writing affairs at the e-retail abundance is already at a bargain price. Plus, there are redeemable online arcade coupons for your convenience. This gives a faculty of exclusivity to the client for owning a branded product. You can calmly accomplish payent either by your debit or acclaim agenda or money order. Some online aliment even accord you the conveniency of paying banknote on delivery. Esha Sahni is a acclaimed biographer for prada belts online shopping. She has accounting abounding online writing on Online arcade coupons, Women accessories, ladies duke bags, artist handbags, Abode of Block in Dubai and abounding added in UAE. In today’s time, it’s absolutely amazing to apperceive that how internet has fabricated arcade so simple and simple. Online arcade is so adequate and saves time and efforts clashing travelling from one abundance to addition to get adapted clothes or products. When it comes for affairs clothes online, men are appropriately complex like women. Men adulation to buy clothes online which can be done at any time and at any abode with internet connection. To buy men’s wear, appointment the online aliment in Dubai which offers alarming collection. There are contemporary and simple t shirts and shirts for men at Dubai online aliment at best prices. In fact, men can analyze the prices of assorted online aliment to get the best bulk for money. Moreover, the http://www.fgd.org.uk/skin/style.asp colour, brand, style, architecture and admeasurement that man wants in clothes are calmly accessible at online aliment in Dubai. Besides this, it is important to assay the chargeless shipping, acknowledgment action and apprehend the chump reviews anxiously afore arcade online.

    ReplyDelete
  2. will be available handbagreplica in June, the price will start from $ US995. The following figure, golden Frederique Constant model shows Rolex Daytona retail trout $ US1295.Before, we too deeply awkwardly Replica Watches Smartwatches which was named, we have defined a very loosely category “. MMT of smart Replica watches UK ” is there is a need to clarify what you mean, Samsung and Apple equipment that can be included from Replica handbags the calculator Casio wrist of 80s-style.

    ReplyDelete